Is Jesus “ONLY” a prophet as Muslims claim?
Muslims hold the view of Jesus being only a man in the line of the prophets. Yet, nowhere in their Qur’an does it say this only this. However, the Qur’an does go to great lengths to specifically deny what Christianity teaches on Jesus.
If this is true, that Jesus is only a man as many cults and religions view him, then we would have to question everything written about him from eyewitnesses and even what He said about himself.
In the Qur’an it says in Sura 2:136 “Say ye: "We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to God (in Islam)” (Nearly identical is stated in Sura 3:84.)
According to Islam, there are 28 main prophets with 124,000 prophets throughout the history of the human race (Note: No one has ever seen the listing of all the names).
Qur'an states: “Whenever someone tells them: 'Believe in what God has sent down;' they say: 'We believe [only] in what has been sent down to us,' while they disbelieve in what has come after that, even though it is the Truth confirming what they already have" (Sura 2:87).
Does the Qur’an confirm what the Bible says or does it challenge it at the very heart of its message: about whom Christ is, and what He has done? Yes; they deny what the Bible has recorded in the gospels (nearly one quarter to one third is dedicated to Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection).
Does the Bible say Jesus is a just a prophet? There are people that called him that in the Bible. In fact at a certain point, a little more than halfway through his three year ministry Jesus asked those closest to him, who do the people say he is?
Matthew 16:13-14: “When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, "Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?" So they said, "Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."
Even though many went out to see and hear him, some still thought he was the same person as John the Baptist, who possibly rose from the dead. This shows how mistaken people can be in their conclusions. Others gave various additional opinions of him, being one of the past prophets of Israel that came back. Still others were not as specific and generalized him as one of the prophets.
After their answer on what others thought of him Jesus asked them personally, those who were with him everyday for nearly two years- who they thought He was- He asked “who do you say I am?”
He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Jesus answered and said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven” (Matt 16:15-18).
It is here we find God intervenes and gives Peter a revelation of Jesus’ true nature and identity- calling Him the Son of God.
If one is going to cite the Bible to identify Jesus as being a prophet then they should take the whole testimony from God, not just the portion they like.
The Christ; in Hebrew means the Messiah, it points to his divinity, his office; both are co-joined together as one and the same person. The Son-designates his person in the flesh as well as before He was born:
Of the living God-In Greek- Tou Theou tou zoontos; literally, of God the Living One- The eternal God [Of the living God]. The term "living" was given to the true God distinguishing him from idols and imagination of the people. He, Jesus, is the Son by way of preeminence-in a special and unique way unlike any other. It was understood as implying divinity; As Jesus himself explained in John 10:29-36; i.e.-v.3:0 “I and the Father are one.”
When God gave Peter the revelation that Jesus is the Son-word son is NOT used to mean physical generation. This is where all the misunderstanding begins. The term “Son of God” does not mean procreation in human terms, but an intimate relationship and partnership with God the Father. His sonship originates in the spiritual fatherhood of God, as co existing with Him from eternity. This may be hard to wrap our mind around but it does not negate the fact- that is the Bible teaching from God.
In the Bible Jesus is referred to as not only a prophet but a priest, judge and a king; but most of all as the Son of God. Should we not accept the testimony of Jesus from Peter that came from God the Father in heaven? If we can accept him as being a prophet then we would expect him to not lie and tell the truth about himself, otherwise he would be a false prophet. If this is not true, then nothing should be believed about Jesus in ANY book.
Let’s look at some of the Scriptures that support Jesus accepted prophet among His people.
Matt 21:10-11 Who is this?" So the multitudes said, "This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee."
Luke 7:16 “Then fear came upon all, and they glorified God, saying, "A great prophet has risen up among us"; and, "God has visited His people."
In Luke 24:19 Peter is recorded saying “And He said to them, "What things?" So they said to Him, "The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,
John 6:14 “Then those men, when they had seen the sign that Jesus did, said, "This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world." Referring to Moses and Deut. 18:15.
Matt 14:5 “ they counted him as a prophet.”
Matt 21:46 “ they took Him for a prophet.”
Matt 13:57 Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor except in his own country and in his own house."
So it is established, they thought he was a prophet and He acknowledged this.
John 7:40-41 “Therefore many from the crowd, when they heard this saying, said, "Truly this is the Prophet." V.41 Others said, "This is the Christ."
Now we have a distinction, Jesus is not just a prophet but the Christ, of whom there is only one. Again, Jesus was also called a high priest, Judge and King.
Because of the wrong assumptions in the Qur'an, the Muslim misunderstands that Jesus is only a prophet, and not the Son of God. "The originator of heavens and earth! How can He have a child, when there is for Him no consort (spouse)" Qur'an 6:102. Again the bible is not teaching a literal begetting, so he is not a son of an offspring. Sura 9:30 and numerous other Suras say God has no son; we would agree if it means one is sired but this is not what Christianity teaches and Mohammed’s misunderstanding was passed down preventing them from understanding the book of the prophets.
A wayfarer is called, Ibn as-sabeel - son of the road. Of course this does not mean that the road has a wife and conceived a road even to a Muslim. (Qur'an Sura 2:177)
Om ul-Kitab - means the mother of the book (Qur'an Sura 3:7; 13:39; 43:3). This does not mean she gave birth to the book.
Islam considers itself the faith of all the prophets even though the prophets (From Abraham on) were Hebrew (Jewish). According to Islam, of the 28 major prophets, five of the prophets are given exemplary titles: Noah (the preacher of God), Abraham (the friend of God). Moses (the speaker with God), and Jesus (the word of God). And last- is their own-Muhammad (the apostle of God).
The life of the prophets are detailed in the Bible and we are told that God spoke directly to them. The angel Gabriel is said to have spoken Allah’s words into Muhammad's ear, from this, Muhammad recited exactly what he had been told by the angel. While Muhammad was still alive there was no written text of the Qur’an by him. The writings of the prophets in the Old Testament and especially the New, which is being disputed, were all recorded by the eyewitnesses when they were alive.
When one does a study on the lives of the prophets, which can only be found at length in the Bible, we find that ALL the prophets sinned except one- the one from heaven- the word of God, Jesus. Because he was sinless He was able to say, “unless you believe I am, you will die in your sins.” Think about what this means- He not only points to himself to believe in but the Holy name of God revealed to Moses is applied to himself.
The Qur’an speak highly of Christ as the prophet. Their Hadith attests to the virgin birth, sinless life and miracles of Christ, who is called “the Word of God.” They agree with the Bible that came before the Qur’an, that Jesus was born of Mary as a virgin (Surah 3:45-47; 21:91). In 4:157 Jesus is called the son of Mary, the Apostle of God.” Sura 4:171 ‘Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of God, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him.” The Qur’an does not say Jesus is “ONLY” a prophet- it calls him the word and the spirit.
In Sura 4:163 Jesus is included in the inspiration of God to all the prophets. And yet He alone is called “Isa” which means Savior (3:45).
The Qur’an does imply that Allah can appear in other forms, Sura 53:2-18, 81:19-24, but Islam insists that God cannot take the form of man, even temporarily. So they cannot accept that God can become a human being like us if he wanted to.
Each time Satan tempted him it was to prove He WAS NOT the Son of God.
Matthew 4:3-6: “now when the tempter came to Him, he said, "If You are the Son of God , command that these stones become bread." But He answered and said, "It is written, 'Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.' " Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, "If You are the Son of God , throw Yourself down.
Demons cried out- And suddenly they cried out, saying, "What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God ? Have You come here to torment us before the time?" Matt 8:29-30.
Lets look at the Scriptures that support the prophet Jesus as the “Son of God.”
Matt 14:32-33 “and when they got into the boat, the wind ceased. Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, "Truly You are the Son of God."
Certainly no prophet would allow men to worship him unless he was more than man.
The bible tells us who Jesus is from His birth Luke 1:35-36 “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God .
John 1:49 “Nathanael answered and said to Him, "Rabbi, You are the Son of God ! You are the King of Israel”
When Jesus was facing trial Matt 26:63-64 “the high priest answered and said to Him, "I put You under oath by the living God: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God !" Jesus said to him, "It is as you said.
Islam calls those who believe Jesus’ own words disbelievers-“Then the sects differed [i.e. the Christians about ‘Eesa (Jesus)], so woe unto the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that ‘Eesa (Jesus) is the son of Allah] from the Meeting of a great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire) [QUR’AN: Maryam 19:34-38]
If Jesus is not the Son of God there will be no resurrection. John 5:25-“ assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live.”
John 9:35-38 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, "Do you believe in the Son of God ?"He answered and said, "Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?" And Jesus said to him, "You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you."
John 11:27 “he said to Him, "Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world."
Acts 8:37 Then Philip said, "If you believe with all your heart, you may." And he answered and said, "I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God .
Rom 1:3-4 “concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
Jesus says to john in Rev 2:18 “These things says the Son of God, who has eyes like a flame of fire, and His feet like fine brass”
Why do Muslims demote Jesus? They will never say He is more important than Mohammed or any prophet, even though they call him savior. Because it would mean Christianity and the Bible is correct.
Muslims may bless His name but do they believe in His name? For Jesus’ name means God is savior and they do not believe one needs salvation-Both the Old and New Testament say only God is the savior; none other than God is the savior. If Jesus alone is called “Isa” which means Savior (3:45) and the Bible it tells us only God is the savior, then why does a Muslim disagree with this?
To be blessed by Jesus one must believe in what He said.
Jesus called himself the Son “for He said, ‘I am the Son of God’” (Matthew 27:43).
and his disciples called him what they heard him say: “but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name” (John 20:31).
The Bible's testimony of Jesus as the Son is from the Father-
At His baptism (Mt.3:17) The voice of the Father speaks from heaven, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
At His transfiguration (in Mt. 17:5; Mk.9:7 and Luke 9:35) “While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, 'This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!” (Matthew 17:5).
So what did Jesus say that is so important?
John 10:36 “do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, 'You are blaspheming,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God '?
The Muslim says yes because the Qur’an states- “In blasphemy indeed are those that say that God is Christ the son of Mary” (Sura 5:17). All Christians have done is believe the testimony of Jesus himself.
Jesus’ own words to a religious teacher- John 3:18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.”
1 Jn.4:15: “Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is THE SON OF GOD, God dwelleth in him and he in God.”
According to John, who was the last and oldest living apostle among those Jesus chose, God does not dwell in any religion or person that denies this.