The Old Testament covenant versus the New Testament covenant in Christ
Abolishment of the Old Testament Law was promised in Jer.31:30 and affirmed by the Word of God: that the law is to be abolished (2 Cor. 3:6-13; Eph. 2:15). The New Testament proclaims that Christ is the end of the law (Rom 10:4); for those who have faith in Christ - If you have faith, then you are not obligated to keep Moses’ law (which are the 10 commandments). In fact we are told not to..
We are told that Jesus took away the first (covenant) that He might establish the second, meaning they are not the same, nor is it a continuation (Heb. 10:5-9); that now the righteousness of God is revealed in the person of Christ, without the aid of the law (Rom. 3:21-22).what was a shadow has passed and we now have the light.
It is also a matter of righteousness:
Gal. 2:21: “I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain." Paul is concerned about righteousness beings transferred to the believer. Gal. 3:21: “For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law.”
So Paul makes it clear as one who formerly obeyed the Mosaic law strictly that no law can transfer righteousness even if we keep it to the best if our ability. righteousness can only come from the one who kept the law perfectly. Why then are there those who insist we mist keep certain law[s].
They don’t want to see Christ as the laws fulfillment so they blind themselves to the free gift of righteousness. Because one cannot adhere to both covenants it is either one or the other. Those who had been under the law had been delivered from it (Rom. 7:6) that they are dead to it (Rom. 7:4). We as believers are not under the law any longer, but under grace (Rom.. 6:14). We are warned that the Christian who seeks to keep the law to be justified or sanctified have fallen from grace (Gal 5:4). So why are there still those who insist one must keep the Old Testament law that was given to Moses?
Several reasons, they are taught wrong by their church, they misunderstand the covenants and how they work; what laws are re-ratified in Christ and what are not. Or they just have not looked into the topic yet, or they are lazy and are satisfied and don’t care to change… there are numerous reasons, the bottom line is they are wrong and are harming themselves and others if they spread this Galatian error (Paul addressed the Judaizers in the book of Galatian's on believing in Christ and still holding to the law).
It is pointed out by Sabbath keepers that Jesus worshipped on Saturday 1,700 times. Jesus also went to the temple, we do not go to temple; we are a new entity, the church. If Christ is our example He also kept the entire ceremonial Law of Moses. Do law keepers keep this? No; bad arguments do not help their position, but they have an arsenal of them.
Another law keepers argument is, if we don’t obey the 10 commandments today then we can steal and lie, we can go kill someone and commit adultery etc. They overlook that there are many wrongs which the Decalogue does not address. According to their own logic, we then can become a drunkard and a homosexual since it is not the 10 but the Law of Moses ( those other 603 commands they ignore for the 10 only) that speaks against this. They say it was done away with. So their argument is a bad one.
Another bad argument is having the 10 commandments have a greater significance because “What God wrote with his own finger is eternal and what Moses wrote is not.” One cannot separate any command from the rest because they were written by God’s finger. He commanded Israel to obey them all. Does anyone in the Old Testament hold to the 10 commandments as separate from the rest of the law and ordinances after they were all given? Where does the Bible give the 10 priority above all the others? They were all a unit called the law of Moses, just as they are referred to in the New Testament by Jesus. What do they say when we find the original commands God wrote with his own finger broken and Moses himself rewriting the 10 again on the tablets (Ex.34:27-28; Ex. 31:23). I guess one must overlook that small detail that infringes on their legal argument.
This is why Sceripture says in Neh. 9:13-14: “You came down also on Mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them just ordinances and true laws, good statutes and commandments. You made known to them Your holy Sabbath, and commanded them precepts, statutes and laws, by the hand of Moses Your servant.” This is exactly what Jn.1:17 states, “the law came through Moses.”
Paul describes the Mosaic covenant in 2 Cor.3: 7. (the Ten Commandments) with the covenant "done away" in Christ." If you are in Christ you are NOT to be keeping the Old covenant. Why? Because one cannot be faithful to Christ and at the same time Hold to Moses.
Law keepers claim that the 10 commandments are not the old covenant? They will admit the old covenant was abolished but NOT the ten commandments. The Biblical support for their position is not there. In fact it speals loud against them. The Bible clearly teaches that theSabbath was part of the OLD covenant. Deuteronomy 4:13: “So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments” (Deut. 9:9,11; 2 Chronicles 6:11) 2 Cor. 3:2-11 also proves The Old covenant were the 10 commandments which were called Moses' law. Vs.1-3 Old Covenant Written with ink on tablets of stone.”
Again, God said I will make a new Covenant Heb.8:7-8: “For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.” Vs.8. “Because finding fault with them, He says: "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.”
God is saying the first covenant was not built to last and cannot be lived under by the believer in Christ who is in the NEW covenant. It is Jesus himself, that took away the first that He might establish the second; meaning they are not the same, it came to an end (Heb. 10:5-9).
God mentioned the law, the Old Covenant as temporary; who knows better, the law keepers or God. Believe what God has said in the new covenant you will be set free by grace. Only the new covenant is an everlasting Covenant. The New Covenant is operated by the ministry of the Spirit, it is more glorious, and remains everlasting. Heb.13:20. Hebrews 8:7-13 quotes Jer.31:31 that even in his day "Now even the first covenant was the tablet and is vanishing away,” just as Moses veil was covering his face. This comparison is made to show the old glory of the law would fade to be replaced with a greater glory, God himself.
Acts 2:42 states that the early Church followed “the Apostles’ doctrine,” not Old Testament laws.
Nowhere did the apostles teach the church in their epistles they are obligated to keep the Old Testament law, or the Sabbath. They taught against it because they understood what the new covenant meant to them, freedom.