Did Jesus believe the Old Testament in Hebrew
The New Testament quotes Genesis or refers to its content more than it does any other book. Of the 165 passages quoted or referred to in the New Testament, about 100 are taken from chapters 1 to 11. Jesus also referred to Genesis several times during His ministry.
Jesus Christ expressed the highest view of Scripture. Affirming the entire Old Testament, the precise words, the actual letters were inspired. He also expressed the inspiration of the New Testament revelation as it was given.
Matthew 5:18 Jesus states, " not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass away from the Law, until all is accomplished ." The statement made of the "smallest letter" refers to the Hebrew language, specifically the letter yod, which looks like an apostrophe. The "stroke" refers to the minute distinction between two Hebrew letters. This example in English would be between an 0 and a Q. the small angled "tail" at the bottom of the letter distinguishes Q from the 0.
His view should be our view. To hold a lower view of Scripture than He did is a lack of faith.
Jesus mentions the creation of the first man and woman on the 6 th day(Matthew 19:4 - Genesis 1:27; 5:2).
the marriage of Adam and Eve 6th day (Matthew 19:5-Genesis 2:24).
the Sabbath day the 7th day (Mark 2:27-Genesis 2:1–3).
Cain murdering Abel (Matthew 23:35-Genesis 4:8).
Noah (Matthew 24:37-Genesis 5:28–29).
The conditions of mankind before the Flood along with its destruction (Matthew 24:38-Genesis 6:2; Matthew 24:39-Genesis 6:17; 7:1–24).
Jesus referred to the second half of Genesis (chapters 11:10 through 50) by mentioning Abraham (John 8:31–58-Genesis 12–25), and Lot and the destruction of Sodom (Luke 17:28–32-Genesis 18–19).
There are those who claim the biblical Hebrew ceased to be spoken and had been replaced by Aramaic, a related Semitic language when they were in captivity in Babylon.
Parts of Ezra and Daniel are written in Aramaic.
Hebrew was exclusively used in the Temple and synagogues, Aramaic was for speaking.
It has been assumed by some that Hebrew ceased to be a spoken language of the Jews long before Jesus. But recent archaeological evidence shows that the Hebrew language was still used by the Jews in Israel into the second century AD.
The coins minted in Israel during the second Temple period include inscriptions written in Hebrew. Written in the late Semitic script bearing the inscription "yerushalem" (Jerusalem). Coins were also found with (paleo) Hebrew script with the word "sh'ma" (hear and listen).
The Hebrews spoke their own language and there is no proof that they did not speak and write in their native Hebrew language, long before the Septuagint version was made. The Greek Septuagint translation was copied from the Hebrew text. However, the oldest full Masoretic text only goes back to 900 AD. But there are older fragments. Just because we haven’t yet found an older complete Masoretic text does not mean the Greek offers us the original or more accuracy. This would mean the writings we then have are artificial because it had been replaced, which is untrue.
Ezra 7:6 “ Ezra came up from Babylon; and he was a skilled scribe in the Law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given.”
Ezra was a priest and a scribe, who established the tradition of the scribes. He is also credited for changing the Hebrew alphabet (paleo Hebrew) to the Babylonian square type script, which is in use in today’s Hebrew. Which would mean Hebrew like this was used at 600 BC.
Ezra 7:9-10 “ On the first day of the first month he began his journey from Babylon, and on the first day of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him. For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the Law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach statutes and ordinances in Israel. This is a copy of the letter that King Artaxerxes gave Ezra the priest, the scribe, expert in the words of the commandments of the Lord, and of His statutes to Israel” Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, a scribe of the Law of the God of heaven: Perfect peace, and so forth.”
Ezra’s legacy was continued by a group known as the Soferim (Scribes); they preserved the sacred traditions of Israel’s Scripture. At this point the Jewish scribes solidified the following process for creating copies of the Word of God accurately for generations.
Sopherim were the scribes, who at a later time were succeeded by the Masoretes. The Jewish Sopherim, held such a high regard for the Scriptures as being the Word of God that they regarded the copying of any error as a sin. (Read more: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/soferim )
When the Lord Jesus Christ talked to the disciples on the road to Emmaus,
He taught them: