3 divisions of books in the Old Testament
Jesus, referred to the many prophecies about Himself found only in the Old Testament. Which consists of 39 books of the Bible, also known as “The Law, the Prophets and the Writings. ( written over 1,400 years of record)
John 5:39 “ You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me .” Jesus only pointed to the Hebrew writings to affirm him fulfilling prophecy.
Jesus defined the Hebrew Scriptures as comprising three major sections. Today the Jewish religion knows them as the Tanakh, the Hebrew Torah (the Law), Nevi’im (the Prophets) and Kethuvim (the Writings, which begins with the book of Psalms).
Jesus told His disciples that His coming had been prophesied throughout their Old Testament Scriptures that all would be fulfilled, at his first and future second coming “Then He said to them, ‘These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me’ ” (Luke 24:44).
The word torah means “instruction” or “teaching” and it is not only contained in the “law”
But is though the various sections of the Scriptures that contain much that relates to the regulation of life, the Ten Commandments instructing the Hebrews living in their land. It is comprised through several books that do not contain much law but a great deal of narrative and instruction.
These old Testament books make up the three-part division of Scripture were ordered differently from what we see in today’s Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant Bibles.
The order of the books of the Hebrews Scriptures, as Christ would have known them, was according to these divisions: the Law, the Prophets, the Writings. All are written in the native language of Israel except for a few small portions in Aramaic in Daniel and Ezra.
The historical books order: 1–2 Samuel, 1–2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. These follow the order found in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament.
From early on each book was separated in scrolls
Hebrew tradition that says that the book of Chronicles is the last book in the Hebrew Bible is found in the statement in the Babylonia Talmud in Baba Batra 14b The Sages taught: The order of the books of the Prophets when they are attached together is as follows: Joshua and Judges, Samuel and Kings, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and Isaiah and the Twelve Prophets.
THE LAW (TORAH)
The Law includes the five books of the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy). Called ‘the (books) law of Moses.’
THE PROPHETS (NEVI’IM)
The Prophets comprise the books of the early Prophets (Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel [counted as one book], 1 and 2 Kings [counted as one book]) and the Latter Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve Minor Prophets [counted as one book].
THE WRITINGS (KETHUVIM)
The Writings consists of Psalms, Proverbs, Job, the Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah (also counted as one book), 1 and 2 Chronicles (counted as one book)— which totals to 24 books.